The Philipine Overseas Employment Administration or POAE clarifies the defination of “Balik Manggagawa” by posting on their official Facebook page. See below
POEA clarifies definition of “balik-manggagawa”
Filipinos based in the Philippines who are rendering online services for overseas employers and are leaving to assume their jobs abroad for the first time are not qualified for the issuance of overseas employment certificate (OEC) for balik-manggagawa or returning workers.
The Philippine Overseas Employment Administration (POEA) issued the clarification after a number of these workers attempted to secure an OEC through the Balik-Manggagawa Processing Center.
Workers who are not yet deployed overseas and whose employment documents were not processed by the Administration even if they already started working with their foreign employers through online platforms or work-from-home arrangements are not considered as a balik-manggagawa or even an OFW or overseas Filipino worker.
Workers in the same situation may have their contracts processed as new hire workers as mandated by the 2016 Revised POEA Rules and Regulations Governing the Recruitment and Employment of Land based Overseas Filipino Workers.
An OFW or migrant worker is defined as “a person who is to be engaged, is engaged, or has been engaged in a remunerated activity in a State or country of which the worker is not a citizen”.
A balik-manggagawa refers to an overseas Filipino worker who has served or is serving his/her employment contract and is returning to the same employer in the same job site or returning to the same employer in a new job site and who has an existing record in the POEA database of deployed workers.
Ang mga Pilipino na kasalukuyang nagtatrabaho online para sa mga employer na nakabase sa ibang bansa at aalis sa unang pagkakataon para sa regular na trabaho doon ay hindi kwalipikadong mabigyan ng OEC o overseas employment certificate para sa mga balik-manggagawa.
Ang mga manggagawa na hindi pa umaalis ng Pilipinas at ang mga papeles ay hindi pa dumaan sa proseso ng POEA pero naninilbihan na sa isang kompanya sa ibang bansa gamit ang internet ay hindi maiituring na balik-manggagawa o isang overseas Filipino worker.
Ang mga worker na nasa ganitong sitwasyon ay kailangang umalis bilang new hire na naayon sa ating mga batas at regulasyon ng POEA.
Matatawag na OFW ang isang Pilipino kung siya ay kinontrata o may kontrata upang magtrabaho na may kabayaran sa isang bansa na hindi siya isang mamamayan nito.
Ang balik-manggagawa naman ay isang OFW na pansamantalang umuwi sa Pilipinas at babalik sa dating employer sa dating jobsite o dating employer pero sa ibang jobsite at may record na sa POEA database.
If you are in Kuwait just read the revised requirements for verification of contract of all BALIK MANGGAGAWA, RENEWAL OF CONTRACT, AT TRANSFER TO A NEW EMPLOYER below.